Published on in Vol 10, No 2 (2021): February

Preprints (earlier versions) of this paper are available at https://preprints.jmir.org/preprint/21350, first published .
The Impact of Nonpharmacological Interventions on Patient Experience, Opioid Use, and Health Care Utilization in Adult Cardiac Surgery Patients: Protocol for a Mixed Methods Study

The Impact of Nonpharmacological Interventions on Patient Experience, Opioid Use, and Health Care Utilization in Adult Cardiac Surgery Patients: Protocol for a Mixed Methods Study

The Impact of Nonpharmacological Interventions on Patient Experience, Opioid Use, and Health Care Utilization in Adult Cardiac Surgery Patients: Protocol for a Mixed Methods Study

Alexander A Brescia 1, 2*, MD, MSc;  Julie R Piazza 3*, MS, CCLS;  Jessica N Jenkins 4, BAA, CCLS;  Lindsay K Heering 4, MS, CCLS, CTRS;  Alexander J Ivacko 1, BA;  James C Piazza 1, MA;  Molly C Dwyer-White 3, MPH;  Stefanie L Peters 5, FACHE, MPA, LMSW;  Jesus Cepero 6, PhD, RN, NEA-BC;  Bailey H Brown 1, BS;  Faraz N Longi 1, ;  Katelyn P Monaghan 1, ;  Frederick W Bauer 1, ;  Varun G Kathawate 1, ;  Sara M Jafri 2, BS;  Melissa C Webster 7, LMSW;  Amanda M Kasperek 1, BSN;  Nickole L Garvey 1, RN, BSN;  Claudia Schwenzer 3, MSW;  Xiaoting Wu 1, PhD;  Kiran H Lagisetty 8, MD;  Nicholas H Osborne 2, 8, MD, MSc;  Jennifer F Waljee 2, 8, MD, MPH, MS;  Michelle Riba 7, MD, MS;  Donald S Likosky 1, 2, PhD;  Mary E Byrnes 2, 8, PhD, MUP;  G Michael Deeb 1, MD

1 Department of Cardiac Surgery, Michigan Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, US

2 Center for Healthcare Outcomes and Policy, University of Michigan , Ann Arbor, MI, US

3 Office of Patient Experience, Michigan Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, US

4 Department of Child and Family Life, CS Mott Children's Hospital, Michigan Medicine, Ann Arbor, MI, US

5 Frankel Cardiovascular Center, Michigan Medicine , Ann Arbor, MI, US

6 Children and Women's Hospital, Michigan Medicine , Ann Arbor, MI, US

7 Department of Psychiatry, Michigan Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, US

8 Department of Surgery, Michigan Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, US

*these authors contributed equally

Corresponding Author:

  • Alexander A Brescia, MD, MSc
  • Department of Cardiac Surgery
  • Michigan Medicine
  • University of Michigan
  • Frankel Cardiovascular Center 5th Floor
  • 1500 East Medical Center Drive
  • Ann Arbor, MI
  • US
  • Phone: 1 734 232 5028
  • Email: abrescia@med.umich.edu